That is "Solicitude de Visa de Residentes." What you want is "Cambio de Calidad Migratoria
." The difference, as I understand it, is that the first is for applying for a visa from outside the country while the second is when you apply inside the country.
There is some doubt as to whether it is actually possible to obtain a visa from outside the country. I don't know of anyone who has ever done it. It is not a recommended route, even by migraciones.
The procedure that is known to work is to come to Peru on a tourist visa and then make an application to change your migratory status from tourist to rentista. A gotcha which they don't tell you about is that the application must be made within 30 days of your last entry to Peru. You can't come and wait a few months before making the application.
There are four info sources I know about on the migraciaones web site: Solicitud de Visa de Residentes web page, Solicitud de Visa de Residentes PDF, Cambio de Calidad Migratoria web page, and Cambio de Calidad Migratoria PDF. They all differ in minor ways which I don't think mean anything except that this is Peru. The information about the requirements is all essentially the same except the form to apply for a visa is different from the one to change your migratory status.
amigorick wrote:Since my Spanish is weak and I don't live in Lima, I am in contact with a lawyer to see if he might be able to perform the entire process for me via a poder. Expensive though - $900 up front and an additional $900 when the visa is issued. I'm waiting to hear if he has experience with non-pension applications such as mine. I'm also a bit concerned that after receiving the initial $900 the application will stagnate in a file somewhere unless additional money is paid for previously unexplained "expenses" (I have had that experience in Iquitos several times).
They will all pretend they have such experience. None do. All the lawyer can really offer is the ability to speak Spanish, otherwise they are just as clueless as you are.
You are right to be wary. A lawyer, paid up front, does not have nearly as much interest in success or as much at stake as you do.
amigorick wrote:I am currently in the US for 3 months so I want to obtain all required documentation so I can start the process as soon as I return to Peru and have clean application that will be approved without needing any additional documentation/clarification.
That is a good plan. However, I would recommend that when you have all your ducks in a row you make the application yourself in Lima. That is the best way to ensure it goes well. You only need to stay in Lima a few days to do that. You would then need to come back (or just stay a month or two) to get your CE when they are ready to issue it. You have be in Lima to do that anyway.