Peruvian Slang or Jerga
While Spanish is the main language used in Peru (along with Quechua, Aymara and some other indigenous languages), Peruvians use so much slang - or jerga - that it can sometimes be difficult to follow. Peruvians like to have fun with language, and use a lot of 'sound alike' phrases, like the Cockney rhyming slang - for example 'ahí los vidrios' (there are the glasses) is sometimes used instead of 'ahí nos vemos' (see you later). Another favorite, and a tough one to figure out until you're used to it, is the habit of 'rearranging' words, or turning them around backwards. For example, instead of chofer (driver), drivers are called 'fercho'.
Peruvians also love to use the diminuitive form - in other words, they like to add the 'ito' or 'ita' at the end of words. So instead of gata, they use gatita. Instead of casa, we go home to the casita.
So, to help you out when you're out on the street, here's a list of some common Peruvian slang.
- a su madre (AH-soo) - often shortened to 'a su!', it's an interjection of surprise or pain, usually. Ex - He has 9 children? A su! Don't they have a television?
- al toque - right away
- bacán - cool, awesome
- calato - naked, often turned around into tolaca
- coco - a US dollar
- coima - a bribe
- colé or coli - short for colegio, school
- combi - large vans used as buses
- costilla - literally rib, it's used for girlfriend (as in Eve, from Adam's rib)
- cuero - a very attractive man
- cumple - short for cumpleanos
- chamba - work or job (chambear means 'to work)
- chaufa - Chinese rice, and often used for 'goodbye' in place of 'chau' - also used as 'chaufita'
- chela - beer - can be used like 'cheleando' to mean drinking beer
- chévere - cool, awesome
- china - a fifty cent piece
- chompa - sweater or jacket
- de fresa - used in place of 'de frente' to mean straight ahead
- flaco or flaca - a thin man or woman
- grifo - a gas station - from 'griferia' or pipes
- guachimán - watchman, from English
- luca - one Nuevo Sol
- micro - a passenger bus
- monse - stupid, boring, slow
- pata - literally leg, means a guy, a person. If you call someone 'mi pata' it means your'e friends
- Perucho - slang for 'Peruvian' or Peruano.
- Pituco - a stuck up snobbish or rich person.
- Por las puras - for nothing - something that was a waste of time.
- porfa or porfi - shortened form of por favor
- seno - short for senora
- taxeando - driving a taxi
- tombo - police officer – Peruvian police uniforms at one time had large buttons on them – ‘tombo’ comes from switching the syllables in ‘boton’
- tono - a party - a tonazo is a BIG party