I'm a U.S. citizen with Peruvian residency (through marriage). I was granted my carné de extranjería in October of 2015. I returned to the U.S. last month and originally planned to stay for only three months. Plans have changed, so I now want to know PRECISELY how long I can remain in the U.S. on this trip without losing my residency (because I would rather eat a full donkey head and a BIG bucket full of raw mystery meat from Cusco's San Pedro market than go through the process of obtaining my C.E. again). I emailed Migraciones last month, and this was their response:
De acuerdo su consulta permítame informarle que conforme a lo establecido en el artículo 42° del Decreto Legislativo 1043 que modifica la Ley de Extranjería aprobado por el Decreto Legislativo 703º nos indica que se da la PÉRDIDA DE LA CONDICIÓN MIGRATORIA (Calidades migratorias de Trabajador, Familiar Residente, Estudiante, Rentista, Religioso, Profesional e Inversionista), se da si la ausencia del país de cualquiera de las categorías antes mencionadas, excediera de Ciento ochenta y tres (183) días calendarios consecutivos o acumulados durante un periodo cualquiera de (12) meses, salvo por razones de fuerza mayor, laborales o de salud debidamente comprobadas, en cuyo caso la ausencia puede extender hasta doce (12) meses, previa presentación de una solicitud dirigida a MIGRACIONES, requiriendo Autorización de Ausencia por más de 183 días.
Por lo tanto si el ciudadano extranjero ha estado fuera del país más de 183 días, entonces a su posterior ingreso al país será considerado como “Turista”, por lo que deberá volver a solicitar la residencia.
Agradecemos de antemano por su consulta.
SUPERINTENDENCIA NACIONAL DE MIGRACIONES
For all you residents, you probably know by now how ambiguous rules in Peru can be, so even after this response, I'm still not confident that I understand what they mean. A friend even went to Migraciones (in Cusco) today to ask for clarification, and their response was basically the same as above.
How do I count the 183 days?
- Do I look at ANY 12 month period? e.g, October 2015 to October 2016, November 2015 to November 2016, December 2015 to December 2016, etc. And if I have NOT exceeded 183 days -- whether consecutive or accumulated/accumulative(?) -- in any of those periods, I'm safe, right?
- OR is it by calendar year? January to December?
- OR is it based on when a C.E. expires? In my case, October (I already renewed it in August), so -- October to October?
I was in the U.S. from November 20, 2015 to January 10, 2016, so it is especially confusing for me. I just don't know where to start counting. I'd like to come as close to maxing out my days as possible (leaving a 7-day cushion). For this trip, I arrived on September 10 and would Iike to return to Cusco sometime in February.
I'm not just concerned about having to re-do the 300 steps it took to obtain residency, but I now finally have comprehensive medical insurance in Peru through EsSalud, and I don't want to jeopardize that; I can't afford any lapse in my coverage.
Any clarification would be appreciated! (With details and/or an example, even more so!)